The president is referred to as the first citizen of India. The president is elected by the Electoral College composed of elected members of the parliament houses, the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabhaand also members of the Vidhan Sabhathe state legislative assemblies.
In the case where a president's term of office is terminated early or during the absence of the president, the vice president assumes office. By article 70 of part V, the parliament may decide how to discharge the functions of the president where this is not possible, or in any other unexpected contingency.
There have been 14 presidents of India since the post was established when India was declared as a republic with the adoption of the Indian constitution in Varahagiri Venkata Giri became the acting president in after Zakir Husaindied in office. Giri was elected president a few months later. He remains the only person to have held office both as a president and acting president. Seven presidents have been members of a political party before being elected.
Six of these were active party members of the Indian National Congress.
Their vice presidents served as acting presidents until a new president was elected. Following Zakir Husain's death, two acting presidents held office until the new president, V. Giriwas elected. When Giri resigned to take part in the presidential elections, he was succeeded by Mohammad Hidayatullah as acting president.
This list is numbered based on presidents elected after winning an Indian presidential election. The terms of Varahagiri Venkata GiriMohammad Hidayatullahand Basappa Danappa Jattiwho served as acting president, are therefore not numbered or counted as actual terms in office. The president of India does not represent any political party. The colours used in the table indicate the following:.
Ramaswamy Venkataraman — Bhairon Singh Shekhawat — From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from List of Presidents of India. List of Presidents of India. Federal government.The President is the head of the Republic of India and is the first citizen of India.
Article 53 of the Indian Constitution states that all the executive powers of the Union shall be exercised by him either directly or through officers subordinate to him. The President of India is also the head of the executive, legislature and judiciary of the country. The President holds office for a tenure of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office. However, he can resign from his office at any time by addressing the resignation letter to the Vice-President. Further, he can also be removed from the office before completion of his term by the process of impeachment.
The President can hold office beyond his term of five years until his successor assumes charge. He is also eligible for re-election to that office. The Electoral College elects the President of Indiawhich includes the elected members of both the Houses of Parliamentthe elected members of the legislative assemblies of the states and the elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Union Territories of Delhi and Puducherry and the representation of its members is preferential.
Their vote is single transferable and their second choice is counted too. Do you know that no law can be imposed in India without the President's signature?
Ram Nath Kovind
Rajendra Prasad was the first President of India, who had worked as president for two terms. He was awarded Bharat Ratna in Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on 5 Septemberand this day is celebrated as Teacher's Day.
What is the Salary and Perks of the President of India? Zakir Husain became the first Muslim President of India and died at his post.
The immediate Vice President, V. Giri was made the acting President. Mohammad Hidayatullah was awarded the Padma Bhushan in the field of art by the Government of India in He also brought a revolution of education in India.The President of India is the head of the Indian government.
He is the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. He is known to as the first citizen of India. The President of India is elected by the Electoral College composed of elected members of the parliament houses, the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, and also members of the Vidhan Sabha, the state legislative assemblies.
His tenure is five years, as stated by article 56, part V, of the Constitution of India. Till now, there have been 14 Presidents of India. Apart from these fourteen, three Acting Presidents have also been in office for short periods of time. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India, is the only person to have held office for two terms.
List of all Presidents of India from 1947 to 2020
Varahagiri Venkata Giri was elected President a few months later. He remains the only person to have held office both as a President and Acting President. Before being elected Seven Presidents have been members of a political party.
Six of these presidents were active party members of the Indian National Congress. The 12th President, Pratibha Patil, is the first woman to serve as President of India, elected in List of Presidents of India from to with tenure. Previous Article. Next Article. List of Prime Ministers of India from to with tenure. Related Exam Material. Online GK Question Tests. Latest Questions.The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India both houses and the legislative assemblies of each of India's states and territorieswho themselves are all directly elected.
Although Article 53 of the Constitution of India states that the president can exercise his powers directly or by subordinate authority, with few exceptions, all of the executive powers vested in the president are, in practice, exercised by the prime minister a subordinate authority with the help of the Council of Ministers.The boys season 3 episodes
India achieved independence from the British on 15 Augustinitially as a dominion within the Commonwealth of Nations with George VI as king, represented in the country by a governor-general.
Ambedkarundertook the process of drafting a completely new constitution for the country. The Constitution of India was eventually enacted on 26 November and came into force on 26 January : 26 making India a republic. The Indian constitution accords with the president, the responsibility and authority to defend and protect the Constitution of India and its rule of law.
The president shall not accept any actions of the executive or legislature which are unconstitutional. The president is the foremost, most empowered and prompt defender of the constitution Article 60who has pre-emptive power for ensuring constitutionality in the actions of the executive or legislature.
The role of the judiciary in upholding the Constitution of India is the second line of defence in nullifying any unconstitutional actions of the executive and legislative entities of the Indian Union. Under the draft constitution the President occupies the same position as the King under the English Constitution. He is the head of the state but not of the Executive.
He represents the Nation but does not rule the Nation. He is the symbol of the Nation. His place in the administration is that of a ceremonial device on a seal by which the nation's decisions are made known. Legislature — Any bill passed by parliament can either be signed, withheld or returned to parliament by the President of India. If President signs, it becomes a law.
If President returns or withholds the bill till expiry and same bill is again introduced and passed in the parliament, it automatically becomes a law without President's signature. Executive — Although the President is bound by the constitution to act on the advice of the Prime Minister, it is ultimately the President who gives final order.Comprensivo sinonimo e significato
Hence, declining the PM's advice or withholding it for long without being able to constitutionally challenge this decision is beyond the power of the President. Similarly the PM can object to any decision taken alone by the President without consulting the cabinet.
Judiciary — Only the judiciary has the power to convert any death sentence rarest to life imprisonment. The primary duty of the president is to preserve, protect and defend the constitution and the law of India as made part of his oath Article 60 of Indian constitution.
All his actions, recommendations Article 3ArticleArticleetc. Legislative power is constitutionally vested in the Parliament of India of which the president is the head, to facilitate the lawmaking process per the constitution Article 78, Article 86, etc.
The president summons both the houses Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha of the parliament and prorogues them. He can dissolve the Lok Sabha. The president inaugurates parliament by addressing it after the general elections and also at the beginning of the first session every year per Article 87 1. The presidential address on these occasions is generally meant to outline the new policies of the government.
All bills passed by the parliament can become laws only after receiving the assent of the president per Article Solve This? Guess the Hindi Muhawara from the following whatsapp Emoticons? A girl is blind, deaf, dumb and uneducated too. A boy loves her. How would he propose without touching her?Biblia takatifu download apk
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Who is current president of India i. Who is the current king of Mysore an Indian kingdom as of ? Who is present court chief justice of India as of ? X Login in to Queryhome GK. Remember Me. Similar Question. Email me at this address if a comment is added after mine: Email me if a comment is added after mine. Email me at this address if my answer is selected or commented on: Email me if my answer is selected or commented on.Kovind was nominated as a presidential candidate by the ruling NDA coalition and won the presidential election.
Before entering politics, he was a lawyer for 16 years and practised in the Delhi High Court and the Supreme Court until Ram Nath Kovind was born on 1 Octoberin Paraunkh village in the Kanpur Dehat district of Uttar Pradeshas the youngest of five brothers and two sisters.
List of presidents of India
His father Maikulal Kovind ran a small shop. Kovind was born in a mud hut, which eventually collapsed.
Kovind later donated the land to the community. He passed this exam on his third attempt, but he did not join because he had only scored high enough to work in an allied service rather than in IAS and thus started practising law.
Kovind enrolled as an advocate in with the bar council of Delhi. As an advocate, he provided pro-bono aid to weaker sections of society, women and the poor under the Free Legal Aid Society of New Delhi.
He joined the Bhartiya Janata Party in He also served as national spokesperson of the party. He served a total of twelve years, two consecutive terms, until March During his career as a parliamentarian, under the Members of Parliament Local Area Development Schemehe focused on education in rural areas by helping in construction of school buildings in Uttar Pradesh and Uttrakhand.
He has served on the Board of management of Dr. R Ambedkar UniversityLucknow[ when? The function took place at Raj Bhawan, Patna. Kovind's appointment was criticised by then Chief Minister of Bihar Nitish Kumar as it came months before State Assembly elections and the appointment was made without consulting State Government as recommended by Sarkaria Commission.
After nomination for the post of 14th President of India, he resigned from his post as Governor of Biharand President of India Pranab Mukherjee accepted his resignation on 20 June Ram Nath Kovind received Narayananand also is the first BJP candidate to be elected to the post. Kovind married Savita Kovind on 30 May Inhe was reported to have said that " Islam and Christianity are alien to the nation" as spokesperson of the BJP.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Savita Kovind. Main article: Indian presidential election. National Informatics Centre.Everything was well organized and made our time here easy.
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